Diversos

O mundo dos mortos andantes e dos vivos errantes

Precisamos falar sobre a miserável essência humana…

Um mundo sem internet; sonhos; expectativas; polícia; energia elétrica; comida e água escassas; sem arte; sem poesia; sem cores – um mundo de sobrevida, não de vida.

Vi muita gente acompanhando e comentando a respeito da série de televisão inspirada na revista em quadrinhos, “The Walking Dead” e confesso que fiquei resistente em fazer o mesmo. Pensava: uma série sobre zumbis não dá para mim! Eu sempre acho que zumbis e extraterrestres são temáticas exauridas no âmbito cinematográfico. Minha amiga Tagiane Mércia, fã da série, sempre insistia: assista, você vai gostar! Resolvi ouvir o conselho dela, todavia fui tomada pela preguiça e cansaço quando constatei que se tratava de 7 temporadas com uma média de 16 episódios, cada uma. Ainda assim, no dia 31 de março deste ano, comecei a maratona, terminando em 30 de abril. Um mês dedicado não àqueles que voltaram do universo dos mortos. Eu estava errada o tempo todo. A série não é sobre zumbis; mas sobre vivos que se comportam como zumbis – é assim que a interpreto.

Eis as minhas impressões (com um pouquinho de spoiler – não resisti).

Tagi sabe que gosto de distopias. Eu já li as mais famosas e adoro todas elas: 1984, Admirável Mundo Novo, A Revolução dos Bichos, Laranja Mecânica. Por isso, quiçá, o motivo da sua persistência. Quando se fala em distopias, pensa-se imediatamente em regimes totalitários, um pesadelo imposto pelo despotismo. E quando o sonho mal sucedido é resultado da ausência do Estado? Quando o mundo é regido pelas leis estabelecidas por pessoas que tentam a todo custo sobreviver ao caos? Nada importa: o amigo, a ética, a razão, a religião. O essencial é respirar por mais um dia. Nesse contexto, percebo uma distopia muito pior, pois a presença da desesperança coletiva pode evocar o fim dos tempos.

Resultado de imagem para the walking deadHá quem diga que existam vilões e mocinhos nessa famosa série. Discordo. Em um cenário de grande cataclismo como o sugerido por “The Walking Dead”, para mim, o que difere um personagem do outro é o modus operandi para fazer valer o modus vivendi. Uns matam a golpes de faca, outros com tiros. O mais sádico utiliza técnicas de tortura e dissipa até mesmo, se for preciso, seus asseclas, inclusive com “sua” inseparável “taco” de beisebol aramado. Perdoe-me a concordância nominal entre as duas últimas palavras aspeadas! Quem assiste à série entenderá o meu raciocínio. E não estou me referindo à matança dos zumbis – esses são tão somente os catalisadores da desarmonia social e se transformam em personagens meramente decorativos, que vivem burlesca e eternamente famintos em busca constante de carne fresca. Estou falando de nós, humanos, seres dotados de instintos de bondade e vilania. É essa a nossa essência! Em um mundo distópico, o que vale é a esperteza para permanecer vivo, não importa a expertise. Neste tipo de circunstância, o nosso lado miserável tende a imperar.

A tensão psicológica é o ponto máximo e mais interessante que circunda “The Walking Dead”. Não como de forma alguma buchada! Come sim! Numa situação de vulnerabilidade e luta pela sobrevivência, você é capaz de encher a boca de água ao ver um cágado inocente andando pela floresta, matá-lo e extrair dele, com o casco ainda na mão, as suas entranhas e devorá-las ferozmente, sem tempero, sem assar, totalmente ensopadas de sangue. Mas isso é fictício! Verdade! Contudo, quando o avião caiu na Cordilheira dos Andes, os sobreviventes cometeram atos de canibalismo. Era viver ou morrer! Eles escolheram a primeira opção. “Comi meus amigos para sobreviver”, relembra uma das vítimas do acidente aéreo. Não preciso me remeter a um tempo remoto. Norte-coreanos, em meio a fome, empregaram a mesma prática, até comercializaram carne humana, segundo um documentário espanhol. No mundo apocalíptico da série – uma comunidade dominada pelo ódio e loucura – possui abate de pessoas para consumo próprio. Conexões entre o universo artístico e real.Resultado de imagem para the walking dead

Seguindo ainda essa linha de reflexão, considerando a nossa compleição mental complexa, cuido que quando estamos diante da adversidade mais cruel, podemos ter, por várias razões, mudanças drásticas de comportamento, não apenas para ações nefastas. Pois, conforme disse anteriormente, somos movidos pelos paradoxos bom x mau; bem x mal. É o que ocorre com o charmoso arqueiro, que junto ao irmão de caráter duvidoso, teve uma vida atroz e se transformou em um homem cheio de dores, que de tão ocultas, talvez nem ele mesmo as conheça profundamente. É curioso ver o seu processo de humanização: os sentimentos, dantes impassíveis, vão se revelando paulatinamente. Eu confesso: tenho uma queda por ele. Tocou-me ao vê-lo abraçar o protagonista, vertendo lágrimas copiosamente após um hiato significativo de contato. E o processo de crescimento, no meu ponto de vista, da grande heroína da história? Uma mulher frágil, sem voz, que vivia em situação de violência doméstica. Ao perder a filha (uma criança) e o seu marido violento para os zumbis, percebeu-se desértica e sem rumo, porém preferiu seguir e se transformou na lutadora mais astuta e perspicaz da série. Há muito dela em mim, por isso, a minha identificação com a personagem. A expressão “empoderamento feminino” não pode ser aplicada para definir a sua evolução. Ninguém conferiu poder a ela. Por si só, descobriu e trabalhou as suas variadas potencialidades e habilidades.

Resultado de imagem para the walking deadOutro aspecto relevante é a transformação do conceito de família. Muitos perderam pais, irmãos, filhos… Dessa forma, família deixa de ser a união ortodoxa de pessoas (já penso assim há muito tempo) e passa a ser o agrupamento daqueles que estão juntos à procura do bem-estar da comunidade. Por falar em comunidade, muitas são formadas, as quais lutam entre si para brigar pelos poucos recursos que o planeta dispõe. Uma verdadeira guerra entre civis, melhor, guerra entre insanos, uma vez que a cidadania, a civilidade, os direitos, são elementos do mundo de outrora. Uma delas vive um curioso conto de fadas, com rei e tudo mais, o que considero genial, uma grandiosa sacada de Robert Kirman, o criador da história. Por misericórdia, precisamos da ilusão, da mentira, para enfrentar a austeridade da vida! Quantas vezes insistimos em um relacionamento que só nos inflige dor? E o devaneio de que nosso salário é capaz de alcançar variados bens, culminando em dívidas exorbitantes? A quimera de que sem atividade física conquistaremos um corpo perfeito? “A verdade é como poesia. E a maioria das pessoas odeia poesia.”

Não há como prescindi-la, ela, a sensacional esgrimista lancinante. Fundamental o papel de destaque dado a uma mulher negra, física e mentalmente tenaz, de olhar intimidador, que não aceita ser subjugada. Outro caso em que a aplicabilidade do termo “empoderamento feminino” não pode ser de forma alguma ponderada. Um rei igualmente negro, senhor dos seus súditos e de uma tigresa, representa também, um dos tentáculos que abarcam a discussão voluntária ou involuntariamente fomentada pela série acerca do poder e maior participação política dos negros na sociedade. Nesta direção, muito me apraz as relações inter-raciais, principalmente o relacionamento entre os personagens principais, por ser explícito e categórico.

 

Não li nada sobre a série para desenvolver esse texto, não sei se ela é alvo de boas ou más críticas, no entanto imagino que o romance deve ter provocado a fúria de muitos racistas. Uma ótima oportunidade para ampliarmos o debate sobre o racismo, uma conduta enormemente devastadora.

Eu poderia escrever sobre muitas outras coisas, entretanto esse escrito ficaria extenso. Por ora, finalizo dizendo que não há como prever nossas atitudes diante dos infortúnios. Tal qual “The Walking Dead”, podemos nos isolar ou preferir a companhia de amigos; esperar a morte ou apelar para a esperança; perder definitivamente a lucidez ou após acessos, redobrar a consciência e continuar lutando; imbuir-nos de covardia, contando com a piedade dos outros ou descobrir forças internas; comportar-nos como vivos ou como zumbis que devoram tudo à sua volta.

Por: Cris Borges

Um olhar íntimo

http://www.blogdacriseluan.com.br

Sobre o autor

Amilson Rodrigues

Bacharel em Economia com Pós-graduação em Administração Financeira, MBA Executivo em Mercado de Capitais, apaixonado por comunicação e novas tecnologias. Especialista em Plataforma Worpress, SEO (Otimização para sites de Busca) e Marketing Digital e também sou apaixonado por histórias e por isso eu repito quem não tem história não tem vida. E quem não tem vida, vive em guerra consigo.

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